Whether you live in a traditionally red state or blue state, chances are that you live in a state where one party has a controlling grip over the government. In 37 states (75 percent!) both legislative and executive power is held solely by one party. In 14 of these the party controlling the legislature also holds a supermajority in both chambers, effectively eliminating the need for compromise across party lines on many issues. While such hyper-partisanship can be overwhelmingly negative for both policy makers and citizens, states red and blue have nevertheless been able to come to similar consensuses on certain energy efficiency requirements, aimed at both saving the state money and increasing the standards of state-owned buildings. Indeed, NCSL has estimated that every dollar spent on energy efficiency can save two in the long run – quite an impressive investment, and one hard for policymakers to overlook in an age where consistent belt tightening has become the norm.
To date, 47 states plus the District of Columbia have adopted varying levels of energy efficiency requirements for public buildings, the holdouts being Alaska, Nebraska and Wyoming. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, Alaska has the highest per capita energy cost in the country, with Wyoming a close second and Nebraska rounding out the list at 16. Similar rankings, such as one by the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, rank these states at or near the bottom. A typical state spends about half of what Alaska or Wyoming does annually per-person on energy.
The most common of these, the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, or LEED, has been required in 16 states with similar legislation that would require the standard or alternatives pending in several other states. This system requires buildings to meet certain energy efficiency standards in order to receive certification from the Green Building Council as energy efficient. LEED estimates that buildings held to this standard can see from 30 to 60 percent energy reductions and savings.
If national trends continue as expected – going green has proven itself as a way for states to both make and save money – energy efficiency movements are likely to continue flourishing. While building standards are a small yet crucial piece of this puzzle, states are likely to continue to make efforts on similar fronts, including energy efficient vehicles, appliances and greener alternatives to power generation that every American relies on.